The groundwork for this initiative required analysis of national health data that provided a comprehensive overview of the health of the Appalachian Region’s 25 million people and documented health disparities between the Region and the nation as a whole. The data indicators assessed in the analysis were the following 41 measures of population health, which are grouped into 9 topical domains.

The indicators include both health outcomes—such as specific measures of mortality and morbidity—and factors that drive or influence health outcomes—such as smoking prevalence, physical inactivity, and the supply of healthcare providers.

The data compiled on Appalachia’s population health using these indicators can be accessed and viewed three ways: through our interactive data tool, in our map room, and in the downloadable disparities files.

A comprehensive review and discussion of the health disparities documented through the data analysis, including a summary of key findings, is available in the report Health Disparities in Appalachia.

Health indicators assessed

41 measures of population health across 9 topical domains:

Heart Disease Mortality
Cancer Mortality
COPD Mortality
Injury Mortality
Stroke Mortality
Diabetes Mortality
Years of Potential Life Lost
Physically Unhealthy Days
Mentally Unhealthy Days
HIV Prevalence
Diabetes Prevalence
Adult Obesity Prevalence
Depression Prevalence
Suicide Mortality
Excessive Drinking
Poisoning Mortality
Opioid Prescriptions
Infant Mortality
Low Birth Weight
Teen Births
Primary Care Physicians
Mental Health Providers
Specialty Physicians
Uninsured Population
Heart Disease & COPD Hospitalizations
Electronic Prescribing
Mammogram Screenings
Diabetes Monitoring
Physical Inactivity
Chlamydia Incidence
Travel Time to Work
Grocery Store Availability
Student-Teacher Ratio
Median Household Income
Social Associations